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Sky Dancing: The sacred geometry of Jupiter, Saturn and Venus

25th September, 2018 Uncategorized





I almost leapt out of my chair while I was watching BBC2’s Horizon programme on Jupiter. The eminent scientist, who was explaining some of the images captured by NASA’s Juno spacecraft, showed a natural pentagram formed by storms on the surface. A configuration which was, he said, ‘stable and enduring.’ The Juno probe, as befitted an instrument named as a wife who parted the clouds with which the head god surrounded himself, was revealing much of the planets secrets and turning what scientists thought they knew on its head.


“The dream clung to her. Her sleep had been full of Jupiter ever since the survey last week: that overwhelming, unstoppable girth; the swirling patterns of the atmosphere, dark belts and light stripes rolling in circular rivers of ammonia crystal clouds; every shade of orange in the spectrum, from soft, sand-coloured regions to vivid streams of molten vermilion; the breathtaking speed of a ten-hour orbit, whipping around and around the planet like a spinning top; the opaque surface, simmering and roaring in century-old tempests. And the moons! The ancient, pockmarked skin of Callisto and the icy crust of Ganymede. The rusty cracks of Europa’s subterranean oceans. The volcanoes of Io, magma fireworks leaping up from the surface.”
                   Lily Brooks-Dalton, Good Morning, Midnight

Now, I’ve long had an interest in sacred geometry (see my Crystals and Sacred Sites and Crystal Grids books), especially when naturally occurring in nature. And I knew from my study of early magic that Jupiter, the planetary god of abundance and expansion, was particularly associated with the pentagram in very early magical working. Just how did ‘the ancients’ know there was a pentagram on the planet’s surface? It’s not visible to the naked eye. I’m convinced Robert Temple was right when he showed ancient lenses that, he claimed, belonged to telescopes used by the ancient star-watchers. These lenses were found all around the world going back millennia. (I’m sure I’ve written about that before, not entirely sure where given how much I have written, but Robert did do a book about it awhile ago.) And I certainly have past life memories of the star-watchers on temple roofs.

“And the most interesting natural structure?
A giant, two-thousand-mile-long fish in orbit around Jupiter, according to a reliable report in the Weekly World News. The photograph was very convincing, and I’m only surprised that more-reputable journals like New Scientist, or even just The Sun, haven’t followed up with more details. We should be told.”

Douglas Adams, The Salmon of Doubt

The pentagram composed of cyclones on Jupiter’s surface captured by a NASA spacecraft

The pentagram composed of cyclones on Jupiter’s surface captured by a NASA spacecraft


The god of thunder and lightning

The god of thunder and lightning


Jupiter has long been known in mythology as the god of thunder and lightning and the Juno probe showed that there are indeed huge lightning storms on the surface with far more power than here on our planet. It also showed the planet had a core of solid rock, surrounded by a magma of ‘shiny liquid hydrogen metal’. Not at all the gas giant previously envisaged. And the mythical Jupiter always did have a cornucopia at his heart. It showered gifts on the wary and unwary. Not always what they thought they deserved. But gifts nonetheless. The ruler of the gods was associated with the shiny metal tin.



“Inside Jupiter, they enter a limbo of possibility between chemical and nuclear reactions, where planet-sized diamonds and oily hydrogen metal seem plausible.”
Sam Kean, The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements


Marduk (Mesopotamian Jupiter) with his thunderbolts

Jupiter crystals

The Jupiter crystal list is a long one, with ancient and medieval attributions. Some have mythological connections. ‘Bezoar’ for instance is a small stony concretion formed in the stomachs of certain animals, especially ruminants such as goats, and which was once used as an antidote for various ailments. In mythology, Jupiter was raised by Amalthea, a she-goat who nourished him with milk in a cave on Mount Dikte Crete. When the god reached maturity he created his thunder-shield from her hide and the horn of plenty (cornucopia) from her crown.

Other Jupiter associated crystals include: Amethyst, Emerald, ‘Hyacinth’ (Zircon), Topaz, Quartz (from William Lilly), Sapphire, Chalcedony, Diamond (from George Kunz) and, more modern attributions, yellow stones such as Cassiterite, Sapphire and Lapis Lazuli.

The planetary Jupiter

Jupitar from The Zodiac Pack

Jupiter from The Zodiac Pack, c. Judy Hall

This is what I said about Jupiter in The Astrology Bible:

 Keywords: expansion, optimism, good fortune, faith, philosophy, ritual, hope, knowledge, excess, abundance, luck, travel, inflation, creative visualisation, largesse, generosity, wastage, cornucopia, opulent, generosity, conscience.

 The urge to expand

The key to success, Jupiter, if used wisely, is an opportunity to prosper.  Used unwisely it leads to over-extension and excess. Jupiter is where the personal self is transcended and exploration of the outer world begins.  One of the planets of travel, this planet is associated with the mental opening up that new horizons can bring.  Jupiter is the eternal seeker after truth and the urge towards new opportunities.  Wherever Jupiter sits in the chart, there is a need to grow in that area of life, and to acquire higher learning.

This planet is the drive towards expansion and success.  Jupiter urges taking a broader perspective on life, the seeking of a deeper meaning to existence and this planet is therefore linked to religion and belief systems.  It is the planet of law and morality, faith and optimism as well as philosophical impulses.  Everyone needs something to believe in and Jupiter indicates how and where this is reached out for, and whether faith is placed in the forces of materialism and consumerism or in something greater.  With flowing aspects, Jupiter’s call to expansion is effortless but with challenging aspects knowledge can be hard won.

The physical body also responds to Jupiter’s call to expand.  This is the planet of all that is opulent and self-indulgent.  If Jupiter is in a needy sign, then comfort eating may be fundamental to life and food cravings or addictions are in part Jupiter’s domain as it points to an out-of-control place that is open to an unconscious desire for ‘more’.  Under Jupiter’s transit cycle around the chart weight fluctuates.  There are parts of the cycle when it is easy to be disciplined and diet-conscious, and others such as its transit over the Ascendant when it becomes much more difficult.


Ever the optimist, for Jupiter the glass is always half full and never half empty. One of Jupiter’s symbols is the cornucopia, the horn of plenty.  It symbolises the fertility and abundance that this planet can bring. There is something of the wizard about Jupiter and its ability to manifest things seemingly out of thin Air. Trust is a Jupiter quality and this planet can help to make the most out of a bad situation.  Jupiter is never afraid to take a chance, which is why it is the planet of gambling, but jupiterian luck is capricious, it may appear like a bolt out of the blue and there can be sudden reversals of fortune along the way.

Creative Visualisation

Jupiter symbolises the power of creation and manifestation.  With Jupiter’s assistance anything that can be seen in the mind’s eye, then Jupiter can bring it into being.  What Jupiter manifests is to some extend predetermined by the aspects made to Jupiter, difficult aspects indicate that the expectation is that difficult things will happen and so they do; and easy aspects suggest that positive things will occur and so they do. But this tendency can be focussed and, if necessary, be turned around with Jupiter’s assistance. This is what lies at the heart of making one’s own luck.  To see something with passionate intensity, to image it clearly, makes it happen.  Particularly in relation to the Jupiter transit cycle…, Jupiter is the opportunity to plan ahead, to seize an opportunity and to create something out of nothing.

The magical pentacles

“The second pentacle of Jupiter.– This is proper for acquiring glory, honors, dignities, riches, and all kinds of good, together with great tranquillity of mind; also to discover treasures and chase away the spirits who preside over them. It should be written upon virgin paper or parchment, with the pen of the swallow and the blood of the screech-owl”

Planetary pentagrams and hexagrams

And, for those of you who haven’t seen it, here’s the hexagram at the poles of Saturn.

Saturn’s south pole hexagram:

Saturn’s north pole hexagram:

Expansion and contraction, keeping things in balance. The pentagram-hexagram combination is one of the core structures of our DNA, bonded with hydrogen. I find it fascinating that these two planets sit next to each other in our solar system and are reflected in our core physical structure.

Chemical structure of DNA

Chemical structure of DNA; hydrogen bonds shown as dotted lines

“We must believe then, that as from hence we see Saturn and Jupiter; if we were in either of the Two, we should discover a great many Worlds which we perceive not; and that the Universe extends so in infinitum.”

Cyrano de Bergerac

And finally:

The dance of Venus

The pentagramic orbit


The pentagramic orbit of Venus as viewed from the Earth which creates the beautiful pattern for a ‘rose window’.







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