Latest News

(translated from Mesopotamian, Indian, Biblical, Arabic, Greek, Medieval lapidaries)

Ancient crystal names

http://www.secretlyobvious.com

For those of you who, like me, are addicted to reading old lapidaries (stonebooks) to glean the ancient properties of crystals, here’s a list of stone/crystal name translations I’ve accumulated so far. There’s still a long way to go so if anyone can add to this it would be welcome.

A

Aban Aladi – Jade

Achates (Aetites/Achites) – Agate

Actites/Egestes – Geode/hollow concretion

Adamant – rock crystal, Quartz

Aracontalides – Sapphire

Alabanda – Garnet

Alemandyne/Alemandine – Garnet

Alpitistes – Spinel

Amatitus/amethustos – Amethyst

Anachitis – Pearls? Diamond, Quartz

Andromia – Pyrite

Aricheces – Hematite

Astrion – Moonstone

B

Berellus – Beryl

Bloodstone – Hematite, Heliotrope (not Bloodstone as we know it today)

Breastplate of the High Priest

Many and varied translations, no one really knows!

See table on https://owlcation.com/humanities/Ligure-The-Seventh-Stone-in-Aarons-Breastplate © 2013 Marilynn Dawson

C

Carbuncle – Garnet

Callais – Turquoise

Carbunkle – Ruby

Ceramus/Coparius – Thunderstone (?Tektite)

Chalazias – hard rounded Quartz pebbles

Chrysolite – Peridot.  Topaz in Kunz. Rutilated Quartz or Sunstone in Kostov.

Cornelion/Corneole – Carnelian

Crisopas/Crisopassus – Chrysoprase

D

Draconites – Meteorite

E

Eagle Stone – Limonite or Geodes (Sky Eggs)

Echites – Geodes

Elmeshu – Diamond/Quartz

Eitropia – Bloodstone

“Emerald” – green mineral, Aventurine, Malachite, Green Beryl

Esmeraude – Emerald

F

Firigins – Yellow Ochre

G

Gagatis – Jet

H

Hexacontalithos/Exacontalio – Iris Quartz

Hulalini/ Hulalu – ? Pearl

Hyacinth/Jacinth – Zircon

J

Jasper – Green Jasper, Serpentine, Nephrite Jade

Jasper Azure – Blue Chalcedony

L

Lange serp – Serpentine

Lasulus – Lapis Lazuli

Leontoseras – Agate Eye stone

Lethoean stone – possibly Corundum

Ligure – unknown possible Amber/Agate/Rubellite

Liparean stone – Obsidian

Loadstone – Magnetite

Lychnis – crystal, Amber, red mineral

M

Magnes – Magnetite

Margita – Pearl

Mocha stone – Moss Agate

Molochites – Malacite

N

Nebrites – Amethyst, Agate, Nephrite, Serpentine, Green Jasper

Nemehef (Egyptian) – Green Jasper

Noset crapendien – Toadstone

O

Obxianus – Obsidian

Onicle – Onyx

Onychinus – Onyx

Orphite – Serpentine

Optalio – Opal

Orpiment – sulphide of arsenic

Ostrites – Serpentine, Agate

P

Prase – pale green Jasper, Chrysophrase

Petraches – Agate

S

Smarddus – Emerald

Sappheiros – Lapis Lazuli

Sapphire – Aquamarine

Sard – Carnelian (red quartz?) red-brown chalcedony

Siderites – Meteorite

Silex – Flint

Snake stone – serpentine

Syrices – Aquamarine

T

Topaz(ios) – Peridot

Topaces – Topaz

Tears of Pine – Amber

Tree-stone – Tree Agate, Dendritic Agate

U

Uknu – Lapis Lazuli

V

Vocal stone – Meteorite